Visual Flight Rules Guide 2023

The rules structure

At the top

Australian aviation legislation is a three tier umbrella. At the top we have the primary legislation, the Civil Aviation Act 1988 (CAA) and the Airspace Act 2007. The CAA establishes the Civil Aviation Safety Authority, the regulatory body for aviation in Australia.

Second tier

The CAA also enables the next legislative tier, the Civil Aviation Regulations of 1988 (CAR), the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations of 1998 (CASR), and the Airspace Regulations 2007.

Third tier

Sitting below the second tier, it assumes everything under the CARs and CASRs. The following legislative instruments and publications are documents relevant to most pilots:

Some additional instruments and publications are in force, but being transitioned to the above publications:

Legislation Tree

The legislative tree is a guide on the aviation legislation hierarchy in Australia.


Civil Aviation Act 1988

The CAA is a primary legislative instrument. It is an act of the Australian parliament establishing the Civil Aviation Safety Authority. The Minister for Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Development is responsible for the CAA. The CAA does not generally contain detailed rules governing aviation safety, other than in relation to AOC’s. Such matters are within the regulations and other legislative instruments.




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